Traditionally it was considered unauthorized practice of law for a Paralegal to appear in court or in front of an Administrative Agency or Tribunal to represent another. However, now there are many exceptions to this rule. Administrative Law is one practice area that permits Paralegal Representation of Clients. Many Administrative Agencies allow Paralegals to appear before their tribunals to represent the rights of individuals.

Federal Agencies have the right to permit representation by Paralegals and other lay persons in their proceedings. For example, many agencies like the Internal Revenue Service, the Immigration & Naturalization Service, the Securities & Exchange Commission, and the Social Security Administration may permit Paralegal Representation before their agencies. Some Agencies like the U.S. Patent Office require special education and certification before representation is allowed.

While many Federal Agencies allow for Paralegal Representations, many State Administrative Agencies do not allow Paralegal Representation.

Under certain circumstances, a Paralegal can appear before certain courts on behalf of their attorney employers when their appearance is more in the nature of messenger. So, court rules provide that courts may grant permission to specific individuals to appear in court on behalf of another for specific reasons.

Representation is permitted only as allowed by the state statutes and regulations of agencies.

Federal Agencies that have Administrative Law Proceedings / Administrative Law Judges:

  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission

  • Department of Agriculture

  • Department of Health & Human Services (Dept. Appeals Board) 

  • Department of Health & Human Services (Dept. of Medicare Hearings & Appeals)

  • Department of Housing & Urban Development

  • Department of the Interior

  • Department of Justice - Executive Office for Immigration Review

  • Department of Labor

  • Department of Transportation

  • Department of Veterans Affairs

  • Drug Enforcement Administration

  • Environmental Protection Agency

  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

  • Federal Aviation Administration

  • Federal Communications Commission

  • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

  • Federal Labor Relations Authority

  • Federal Maritime Commission

  • Federal Mine Safety & Health Review Commission

  • Federal Reserve Board of Governors

  • Federal Trade Commission

  • Food & Drug Administration

  • General Services Administration

  • International Trade Commission

  • Merit Systems Protection Board

  • National Labor Relations Board

  • National Transportation Safety Board

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission

  • Occupational Safety & Health Review Commission

  • Office of Financial Institution Adjudication 

  • Patent & Trademark Office

  • United States Coast Guard

  • United States Postal Service

  • Securities & Exchange Commission

  • Small Business Administration

  • Social Security Administration

  • LinkedIn
  • Facebook
  • Twitter

Steve Muehler:

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Los Angeles, California 90017

Phone: (310) 779-7226


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